National Institute on Drug Abuse. Commonly Abused Drugs.
GHB, or gamma-hydroxybutyrate, is an antidepressant that affects the central nervous system. Users run the risk of unconsciousness, seizures, coma and even death. It is sometimes used in combination with other party drugs, like ecstasy and alcohol, which increases its risks, and can lead to death.
AKA: G, GRIEVOUS BODILY HARM, LIQUID ECSTASY, LIQUID X
WHAT ARE THE RISKS?
GHB has severe physical effects ranging from lowered body temperature, nausea and vomiting, visual distortion, seizures, and even death. GHB’s effects on the brain, including confusion, memory loss, and even unconsciousness lower a users defenses and can make them vulnerable. Because GHB is generally taken in a liquid mixture, it’s easy to take it without knowing it, and easy to take too much. Even at a low dose, the drug is extremely dangerous, but taken at a higher dose, or when combined with alcohol, GHB can lead to lung failure, coma and death.
Using GHB repeatedly can cause severe withdrawal symptoms, including increased heart rate and blood pressure, insomnia, anxiety, tremors, and psychotic thoughts.